United States CIA’s torture handbook revealed brutal inhuman practices
Uruguay has recently received a number of CIA prisoner of war and political ex-prisoners who have been brutally tortured over a long period of time in US prisons. Anyone interested in human rights should read this before passing judgement on Uruguay for their actions,
A newly released report on the CIA’s use of harsh interrogation tactics has detailed 13 different “enhanced interrogation techniques”.
The report found pain and suffering beyond legal limits was inflicted on CIA detainees.
Here are the interrogation methods, as listed by a May 30, 2005, Justice Department memo to the CIA.
The purpose was to cause the detainee to feel fear and despair, to punish certain behavior and humiliate or insult the detainee, according to a description in government documents, obtained by the American Civil Liberties Union in 2009.
The interrogator stands about a foot from the detainee’s stomach, and slaps the detainee with the back of his hand. The interrogator’s hand is held with the fingers together and straight and slaps the detainee’s abdomen.
The CIA was using this technique prior to 2004 without approval by the Justice Department.
The interrogator grabs the detainee by the collar, with two hands, and pulls him closer in, according to a description of the technique by former CIA acting general counsel John Rizzo.
Rizzo described this technique being used on al-Qaeda operative Abu Zubaydah in his recent book, Company Man.
The interrogator would put the detainee in a box, sometimes big enough to stand in, for up to 18 hours, or one only big enough to curl up in for up to two hours, Rizzo said in his book.
House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence chairman Mike Rogers warned the release of a the report would cause violence and deaths abroad.
The interrogator had the option to put a “harmless” insect inside the small box when the technique was used on Zubaydah, because he hated bugs, Rizzo said.
This technique involved switching from solid foods to liquid. For instance, in August of 2002, Zubaydah was put on a liquid diet that consisted of Ensure nutrition shakes and water, the Senate report said.
The facial hold
The interrogator holds the detainee’s head so it can’t move and puts one hand on each side of the detainee’s face, keeping fingertips away from the detainee’s eyes, Rizzo explained in his book.
The facial slap
The interrogator slaps the detainee in the face, with fingers spread, striking between the chin and earlobe, Rizzo explained in his book.
The idea, Rizzo said, was to startle or humiliate the detainee, Zubaydah, and “disabuse him of the notion that he wouldn’t be physically hit.
This technique was used with others. For instance, a detainee would be forced to stand for prolonged periods while nude.
The purpose of these techniques are to stimulate mild discomfort from extended muscle use, according to a description in a government document obtained by the American Civil Liberties Union.
Two such positions, used on Zubaydah, were to have him sit on the floor with his legs stretched out in front of him and his arms above his head, or kneeling on the floor while leaning back at a 45-degree angle, Rizzo said in his book.
Detainees were kept awake for up to 180 hours, often standing or in a stress position, the Senate report said. Sometimes, the detainees’ hands would be shackled above their heads.
At least five detainees had “disturbing hallucinations” during this technique, and in two of those cases, the CIA continued the practice.