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The real reason why forward thinking investors are buying farmland

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Here’s the good news: Nie Zhenbang, a Chinese agronomy expert and former director of the Chinese State Grain Administration, recently announced that 2013 was a record year for Chinese grain production.

Here’s the not so good news:

“Although the number is huge,” said Nie, “it still could not satisfy domestic consumer demand. In recent years, China’s food imports have been increasing. Agricultural product imports are roughly equivalent to the productive capacity of 47 million hectares of planted area.”

47 million hectares is 181,468 square miles.

To put this number in context, if you could cram together all the farmland and pasture that it takes to grow the food just being imported by China, the total area of this land mass would be larger than the entire state of California.

Seem far-fetched?  Let’s walk through the numbers.

Consider that China’s 1.4 billion people consume an average 2,970 Calories per day; this means that the Chinese population requires a whopping 2 quadrillion Calories each year.

With an average 8 million Calories per year for an average hectare of land (1 hectare = 2.47 acres), this means that China’s population needs over 250 million hectares, or nearly 1 million square miles, to sustain itself.

Between drought conditions, soil pollution, and a raging dust bowl, China doesn’t have anywhere near that much quality land available to grow crops and raise livestock. They have to look abroad. So Mr. Nie’s estimates are definitely in the right ballpark.

There’s more.

The chief economist of China’s Agriculture Ministry, Qian Keming, estimates that in the coming years, Chinese grain demand will increase by 10 million ADDITIONAL tons each year.

Based on the global average yield of 3.11 metric tons of grain per hectare, China’s growing grain demand will tied up 12,000+ additional square miles of farmland per year, every year.

Bear in mind that 12,000 square miles is more or less the size of the Netherlands… just to satisfy China’s growing demand for grain.

And all we’re really talking about is one country, one food product.

This says nothing about imports of meat, fruit, nuts, etc. Nor does it speak to the growing food demand for literally billions of other people across the developing world.

It is a fact that daily Calorie consumption is directly correlated to per-capita GDP, and the data supports this conclusion.

A 2011 study authored by researchers from the University of Minnesota and UC Santa Barbara demonstrates “a simple and temporally consistent global relationship between per capita GDP and per capita demand for crop calories or protein.”

Simply put, as a nation becomes wealthier, its people consume more Calories and more protein.

Taiwan, for example, increased per capita meat consumption from just 13 kilograms annually in 1951 (when it was totally destitute) to 66 kilograms annually in 1992 (when it was an industrialized ‘Asian Tiger’).

This is important because it takes a lot more land to grow a kilogram of meat than anything else.

So as nations become wealthier, it takes much more land per-capita basis to feed them.

China is experiencing this growth right now. And this demand is only the tip of the iceberg.

This is what makes agriculture THE no-brainer investment for the coming decade.

Anonymous client investor

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Comments from our readers

  • GTSA-SA says:

    The far greater issue is China’s massive freshwater deficiency.

    Chief Economist Qian Keming of China’s Agriculture Ministry summed it up by telling the audience at the Third China International Agribusiness Forum:

    “Fresh water resources are only 2100 cubic meters per capita, which is only 28% of the world’s average level.”


    “The shortage of [water for agricultural irrigation] each year is about 30 billion cubic meters. China imported about 148.6 billion cubic meters of water in 2013, which was equivalent to 38% of China’s agricultural water.”
    Here’s that number in perspective: China water imports of 148.6 billion cubic meters last year handily exceeded the 569 MILLION (0.569 billion) cubic meters of oil that the United States imported.

    Water is THE critical resource in agriculture. Without it, you’re not producing. This makes China’s deficiency a long-term headwind to their food production dilemma.

    It’s not something they can import their way out of either, because all of this comes at a time of flat (and even declining) yields, particularly from the world’s largest food exporter… which just happens to be the United States of America.

    After decades of growth, grain yields in the US have topped out. Farmers have managed to extract all that the earth is capable of providing.

    Many developing markets are no help either. Most people don’t realize that Africa, despite its legendary agricultural potential, is actually a net importer of food.

    So between the supply constraints and the constantly growing demand, it’s clear where this trend is going.

    The BEST possible scenario to unfold is rising food prices. The worst case could be shortages.

    All of this is potentially destabilizing. History shows that while human beings will put up with a lot of sacrifices at the behest of their governments, starvation is not one of them.

    This approaching ‘food crunch’ is the reason why agriculture is THE investment for the next decade and beyond.

    But more importantly, it’s another gigantic nail in the coffin for the status quo. And there are plenty more.

    Nearly every ‘developed’ western nation is bankrupt. Most major central banks are insolvent… and they’ve created bubbles everywhere. The century-old monetary experiment is starting to draw to a hasty, inevitable conclusion.

    Meanwhile apathy is at high tide. You can see it in voting booths and streetside revolutions around the world– people are sick and tired of the status quo… of thieving politicians… of war… of getting spied on… of being told what they can/cannot put in their bodies.

    They’re finally now starting to wake up and demand real changes– not just changing the players in charge, but changing the game itself.

    Politicians will fight with every resource they have to maintain the status quo. But in conjunction with the fundamentals of food, the confluence of all these forces together is more than any system can possibly withstand.

    It might not be today. It might not be this decade. But at some point in our future, there will be a complete reset in the way society organizes and governs itself.

    Just make sure you’re wearing your seat belt.

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