The Government authorised the circulation of electrical buses in the city of Buenos Aires
There will be eight buses on four different lines: The 12, 34, 39 and 59. The measure was communicated by a resolution published on Wednesday in the Official Gazette
The government authorized the Incorporación of eight electric buses to the public transport system in the city of Buenos Aires. There will be eight four-line vehicles – 12, 34, 39 and 59 – and their arrival takes place in the framework of a pilot test aimed at evaluating the viability to their progressive implementation in the Federal Capital.
The measure was communicated by resolution 284/2019, which was published on Tuesday in the Official Gazette. The text explains that the test will last one year and will serve, in principle, “to study the operation of buses and to determine their capacities, viability and optimization”.
The objective of the measure, which is framed in the clean mobility plan 2035 driven by the city of Buenos Aires in 2018, will be “to achieve progressiveness and sustainability in these new technologies of lower pollutant emissions”.
Specifically, this plan, announced in 2018, aims to reduce emissions of the transport sector by then by 14% and 50% of pollutants, as well as the incorporation of clean technologies, not only in buses but also in taxis and light utilities.
In fact, the advent of this technology to the city was announced by the end of last year. In this line, this Wednesday, the Minister of Transport, Guillermo Dietrich, and the head of government of Buenos Aires, Horacio Rodríguez Larreta, presented the first two electrical groups of the line 59.
The collectives are of Chinese origin and offer an autonomy of between 70 and 220 kilometers according to the technology of load, according to Published Infobae months ago, in the occasion of an event on electric mobility that organized the company Enel (controlling of Edesur).
The Ministry of Transport said that there will be 4 buses with fast charging systems (one of line 12, two on 34 and one on 39). In these cases, 100% of the battery is charged in 40 minutes, and the procedure is done at night. These groups offer an autonomy of approximately 70 kilometres.
The other 4 vehicles will be slow loading (one of line 12, one of the 39 and two of the 59). These models require 2 to 5 hours to achieve the 100% of the charge and the estimated autonomy is about 220 kilometres.
In this way, the city follows the steps of Chile, which became the pioneer country of the region by incorporating last year 102 collectives of these characteristics in Santiago. This turned Chile into the country with the world’s second largest fleet, after China.
In the city, however, two collectives operate with another type of energy, cleaner than fossil fuels. They belong to lines 91 and 132, and they work with biodiesel. Meanwhile, Mendoza bought in December 2018, 18 electric collectives that are expected to be implemented this year.
With respect to the rest of Latin America, four other cities will have electric collectives in their streets this year: the Colombian Medellin and Cali will have 64 and 20, respectively, the Ecuadorian Guayaquil will have 20 and while in Sao Paulo there will be 15.
The transition to clean energies is considered a priority in most parts of the world. According to a report published by the World Bank in December 2017, transport represents 15% of the total emissions of greenhouse gases. And if drastic measures are not taken, the number Odría be raised to 33% for 2050.
As far as Latin America is concerned, a report by the UN Environmental Agency-also at the end of 2017-indicates in turn that 19% of the emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2).
The text explains that if the entire fleet of collectives and taxis from 22 cities in 12 countries in the region had been replaced in full that year, for 2030 they would have saved almost 64 billion US dollars in fuel and had ceased to emit 300 million equivalent tons of carbon dioxide units.
He also indicated that the transition would help prevent the deaths of more than 36,500 people due to respiratory diseases associated with air quality.
However, among its main challenges are the financing problems to buy these collectives-models are more expensive than those that work with diesel or natural gas-and to install the various loading points needed.
By contrast, China is one of the countries that is at the forefront of the transition to electric mobility. The Asian nation, the first manufacturer of this type of vehicle worldwide, incorporates 9,500 electric buses per week.