Geographical differences between Peru and its competitors give it an edge
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Peru’s Advantage over other export competitors
Peru has a geographical advantage in that it can grow many horticulture crops all year round, meaning it can choose when to produce and sea freight produce ahead of its Southern Hemisphere competitors, giving them an advantage over the more prominent players such as Chile and Argentina. “Peru can also go head to head with Chile in the primary season. Chile has years of experience exporting blueberries and is very good at it, but Peru is catching up.
One of the major players in this field is Ingleby Farms which manages around 2,000 ha of irrigated land in the North of Peru. Their farms are located in the Motupe Valley and in the Olmos development.
The Olmos Irrigation Project
Two thousand meters under the Andean range, South America’s deepest aqueduct carries water that grows thousands of hectares of fruit and vegetables in one of Peru’s most desertic and underdeveloped regions.
The aqueduct, one of the most significant engineering works ever undertaken in Peru, travels 20 kilometres (12 miles) under the Andean mountains, diverting the waters of the Huancabamba river towards Peru’s northern coast to irrigate 43,500 hectares of crops planted in the desert.
The Olmos irrigation project is located 900 km (560 mi) to the north of Lima and required a $600 million budget, it was built by now disgraced for corruption Odebrecht Latinvest.
The water flows from the Limon dam, a wall 330 m (1,082 ft) long and 43 m (141 ft) high built across the Huancabamba river to dam 30 million m3; the starting point of a 65-km (40-mi) route that carries water to the crops.
After flowing 20 km underground under the Andes, the tunnel becomes a waterfall into the Lajas river, 30 km (18.6 mi) later, it is collected by irrigation channels leading to another dam that then proceeds to distribute the water to the fields.
Lands once arid now boast Sugarcane, grapes, avocados, mangoes, asparagus, and even cranberries, and currently employs thousands of workers.
The project covers 5,500 Ha of Valle Viejo de Olmos’ farmlands and 38,000 Ha purchased by Peruvian, Chilean, US and European corporations with an estimated production of around $650 million.
Among the project’s corporate partners, the Peruvian group Gloria has built a $300 million sugar refinery plant and Agro-Frusan, a US-Chilean joint venture producing 2.5 tons (5,512 lbs) of cranberries daily for export to the US and Canada.
This project will achieve full speed once the project’s second phase is completed, increasing the Limon dam’s capacity by four and doubling the irrigated surface to nearly 100,000 Ha.
The tunnel, conceived some 90 years ago by British engineer Charles Sutton, was completed in 2012 to alleviate the hydric resources deficit in the Olmos dry valleys in the Lambayeque region, which sees an average annual rainfall of under 25 litres per square meter.
The Peruvian horticulture industry has set an ambitious target to significantly widen its export offer of high-quality fresh, dried, frozen and processed fruits, vegetables, superfoods, grains, and other food and drink ingredients.
There is also a cornucopia of smaller volume, specialty and niche products emerging from Peru. These can be supplied in fresh, dried, frozen or processed and semi-processed formats and are ideally suited to the food service, ingredient and manufacturing sectors. Many are produced organically too.
They include ginger, passion fruit, cherimoya, granadilla, lúcuma, prickly pear (cactus fig), golden berries (physalis), peppers (bell, piquillo, jalapeño and cherry), and artichokes. Plus, Peruvian superfoods and grains, such as quinoa, amaranth, chia seeds, cañihua, maca (Peruvian ginseng), yacón, cat’s claw, camu camu, sacha inchi and sangre de grado (dragon’s blood), among other plants still scarcely known in other parts of the world.
Peru is one of the most mega-diverse countries in the world and benefits from numerous ecosystems. That, coupled with the progressive introduction of technology and innovative production and processing methods, means the Peruvian agriculture sector has incredible export potential.
With Peruvian cuisine and healthy food in vogue across significant consumer markets and Peru’s agricultural frontier set to expand to 260,000 hectares thanks to mega irrigation projects ( Olmos ), the South American country is poised for new growth via a diversified product basket.
“Peru is already highly regarded for fresh produce like asparagus, table grapes, mandarins, clementines, avocados, mangoes, peas, chillies and squash, but we have much more to offer retail, wholesale and food service, buyers.
Europe is Peru’s most important export market. Approximately 67 per cent of exports are destined for Europe, while another 20 per cent is sent to the United States. Latin America and Asia receive the rest. With the growing demand in China, Hong Kong, and Japan, Peru’s avocado export markets are forecast to continue expanding. The domestic market is still tiny, but the sector conducts aggressive promotions and marketing campaigns to improve local consumption.
Peru is seen as a strong supplier with excellent weather and growing conditions. In fact, Peru has 82 of the 111 climates in the world. Their producers can grow almost anything and enjoy high yields across various agricultural products. There are still a lot of exciting possibilities for buyers to discover!
These good results go hand in hand with the work carried out by Senasa, which is responsible for certifying the Hass avocado production sites or fruit that has great exportable qualities after verifying that it hasn’t been affected by the Fruit flies (Ceratitis capitata, Anastrepha fraterculus and Anastrepha striata). The Stenoma catenifer quarantine pest does not affect the exportable fruit due to the climatic conditions of the Sierra.
The phytosanitary certification of the production site granted by Senasa makes it possible to guarantee that their avocado complies with international regulations and the phytosanitary requirements demanded by the importing countries, such as Spain, Holland, China, the United States, and Canada.
Contact the Gateway to South America team to learn about the best investment opportunities in the region. The company is a benchmark for foreign investors wishing to invest in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay, providing expert advice on property acquisition and disposal.
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