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Argentine reforms have ‘more than doubled farm profitability

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Argentine reforms introduced by Argentina’s new government have “more than doubled” profitability prospects for farmers, said Adecoagro, the South American agricultural group in which George Soros is the biggest investor.

The farm operator – which has more than 350,000 hectares planted with field crops and sugar cane – said that changes introduced by the administration of Mauricio Macri, who was elected Argentine president in December, “have and will continue to have a significant impact” on farm margins.

The group highlighted the ditching of crop shipment quotas, and the removal, or reduction, of export levies, besides the liberalisation of trading in the peso which – in heralding a depreciation of more than 50% – has boosted Argentina’s trade competitiveness.

“The expected profitability of Argentine farmland has more than doubled as a result of these policy changes, assuming equal level of prices and production costs,” Adecoagro said.

Positive cash flows

For Adecoagro itself, the Argentine policy changes will help the group build on its move to positive free cash flow in the October-to-December quarter, of $85.2m, the company said.

The group said it expected free cash flow – which for the full 2015 came in a negative $6.3m, compared with a negative $179.8m for the year before – to “become positive during 2016 on a full-year basis and to continue growing over the upcoming years”.

The extended period with negative free cash flow represented “an aggressive growth cycle that commenced in 2008”, and was completed last year.

Improvements in capacity utilisation, and the recovery in ethanol and sugar prices, will also boosted the group’s performance this year.

Back in the black

The comments came as Adecoagro unveiled a return to profit for the October-to-December period, of $831,000, compared with a loss of $12.9m a year before, on revenues down 4.5% at $174.2m.

The improvement in profits reflected in part a change in fair value of crops boosted by higher wheat yields, and the boost to prices of both corn and wheat “as a result of the elimination of [Argentine] export taxes, except for soybeans which was reduced by 5%, and elimination of export taxes”.

The group also booked a $24m gain from the sale of three farms in Argentina.

These gains more than offset a dent from heavy rains, at nearly twice average levels, for the Brazil-based sugar and ethanol operations, which reported an 18.4% drop to $48.5m in earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (ebitda).

Broker reaction

Indeed, the sugar and ethanol division was “for a change… this quarter’s black sheep, as heavy rainfalls delayed quarterly cane crushing, down 22% year on year”, said analysts at BTG Pactual.

Nonetheless, with unharvested cane expected to be crushed early this year, and with sugar and ethanol prices higher, Adecoagro looks set for a “strong 2016”, BTG Pactual said.

“Coupled with Argentina’s decision to depreciate the currency and cut export taxes on grains, this should lead results to improve nicely further down the road,” the bank said, restating a “buy” rating on Adecoagro shares.

Gateway to South America – Argentina, farm brokers and advisers indicated that the interest from foreign investors has increased markedly in the past month as the Macri reforms take affect. Now investors are waiting to see if the rule of law is re established after a decade of a previous administration that new no limits on corruption or malfeasance behaviors.

Contact the Gateway to South America team to learn about the best investment opportunities in the region. The company is a benchmark for foreign investors wishing to invest in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay, providing expert advice on property acquisition and investment tours.

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