Agricultural Investment opportunities in Brazil

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Brazil is the world’s largest coffee, soybeans, beef, and poultry exporter, making it an ideal location for agricultural investment. The country has abundant land resources and favourable climatic conditions, making it a top choice for agribusinesses looking to expand their operations.

Investing in agricultural land in Brazil can be an excellent opportunity for individuals or companies seeking to diversify their portfolios, secure food supply chains, and generate long-term returns. This post will discuss the various options available in Brazil’s agricultural land market, including the country’s most profitable crops, land prices, and investment regulations.

The most profitable crops in Brazil

Brazil’s fertile land and favourable climate allow for the cultivation of various crops, including coffee, soybeans, corn, sugarcane, cotton, and citrus fruits. However, the country’s most profitable crops are soybeans, coffee, and sugarcane.

Soybeans are Brazil’s most significant crop, producing over 131 million metric tons in 2020. Brazil’s soybean exports reached a record high of $36.9 billion in 2020, accounting for 48% of the country’s total agricultural exports. Investing in Brazilian farmland for soybean cultivation can yield significant profits with increasing global demand for soybeans.

Coffee is another significant crop in Brazil, producing over 47 million 60-kilogram bags in 2020. Brazil is the world’s largest coffee exporter, accounting for 38% of global coffee exports. The high quality of Brazilian coffee beans has led to premium prices and increasing demand, making it a profitable crop to invest in.

Sugarcane is a vital crop in Brazil, primarily for ethanol and sugar production. Brazil is the world’s largest producer of sugarcane, with over 679 million metric tons produced in 2020. The country’s sugarcane exports were valued at $7.6 billion in 2020, with ethanol exports accounting for $1.4 billion. The growing demand for renewable energy sources worldwide has increased the demand for sugarcane-based ethanol, making it a profitable crop for investment.

Land prices in Brazil

Brazil’s agricultural land prices vary depending on the location and type of land. Land prices are generally lower in the country’s interior regions and higher in the coastal areas. According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), the average price of agricultural land in Brazil was R$21,940 per hectare ($3,600) in 2020.

However, land prices vary significantly depending on the crop and the region. For example, in the state of Mato Grosso, where soybean production is the highest, the average price of farmland is R$23,760 ($3,900) per hectare. In contrast, in the state of São Paulo, where sugarcane production is dominant, the average price of farmland is R$59,845 ($9,800) per hectare.

Investment regulations

Foreign investors can freely invest in Brazilian agricultural land. However, some restrictions exist on foreign ownership of rural land in Brazil. According to Brazilian law, foreign individuals or companies can only own up to 25% of the rural land in a municipality. Additionally, no more than 10% of the rural land in Brazil can be owned by foreigners.

Foreign investors can also invest in Brazilian agricultural land through partnerships with local companies or by establishing subsidiaries. Foreign investors must comply with all Brazilian laws and regulations related to land acquisition, including environmental rules.


Contact the Gateway to South America team to learn about the best investment opportunities in the region. The company is a benchmark for foreign investors wishing to invest in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay, providing expert advice on property acquisition and investment tours.

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